The new GP contract has stated that vaccinations and immunisations will become an essential service this year.
Public Health England and NHS England have advised GPs to call in all eligible children for flu vaccination by early December, following an end to the temporary pause in ordering the nasal flu vaccines.
Flu vaccination during pregnancy is effective in preventing infection and hospitalisation in babies, even when the main circulating strain differs from that in the vaccine, Public Health England research has shown.
GP practices and pharmacies will no longer be barred from sharing flu vaccination stock without a wholesaler licence, NHS England has confirmed.
Shortages of pneumococcal vaccine mean that GPs will be unable to offer it alongside flu vaccine in some groups of patients.