LDL cholesterol – Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol or ‘bad’ cholesterol transports cholesterol from the liver to the rest of the body where it can cause health problems if levels are too high.
HDL cholesterol – High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol or ‘good’ cholesterol looks for and transports surplus cholesterol from body tissue back to the liver, where it is broken down and passed out of the body.
Triacylglycerol (TG) – An ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids. TG is one of the body’s mechanisms for storing unused calories. High concentrations of TG are correlated with the consumption of starchy and fatty foods.