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Malnutrition and Frailty references

  1. British Geriatrics Society (2014) Fit for Frailty Part 1. British Geriatric Society, London.
  2. British Geriatrics Society and the Royal College of General Practitioners (2015) Fit for Frailty Part 2. British Geriatric Society, London.
  3. Boulos C, Salameh P, Barberger-Gateau (2016) Malnutrition and frailty in community dwelling older adults living in a rural setting. Clinical Nutrition. 35 (1) 138-143.
  4. Bollwein J, Volkert D, Diekmann R, Kaiser MJ, et al. (2013) Nutritional status according to the mini nutritional assessment (MNA®) and frailty in community dwelling older persons: a close relationship. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging. 17 (4) 351-356.
  5. Laur CV, McNicholl T, Valaitis R, Keller HH (2017). Malnutrition or frailty? Overlap and evidence gaps in the diagnosis and treatment of frailty and malnutrition. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 42 (5) 449-458.
  6. Morley JE, Vellas B, Abellan van Kan G, Anker SD, et al. (2013) Frailty Consensus: A Call to Action. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 14 (6) 392–397.
  7. Elia M (2015). The cost of malnutrition in England and potential cost savings from nutritional interventions. British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition & National Institute for Health Research Southampton Biomedical Research Centre.
  8. Elia M, Normand C, Laviano A, Norman K (2016). A systematic review of the cost and cost effectiveness of using standard oral nutritional supplements in community and care home settings. Clinical Nutrition. 35 (1) 125-137.
  9. Volkert, et al. Clin Nutr. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2018.05.024.
  10. Baum J, Kim IY, Wolfe RR (2016). Protein Consumption and the Elderly: What Is the Optimal Level of Intake? Nutrients. 8 (6) 359
  11. Finch S, Smithers G, Doyle W, Lowe C, et al. (1998). The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: people aged 65 years and over. Nutrition & Food Science. 98 (3) 133-134.
  12. Cawood AL, Elia M, Stratton RJ (2012). Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Research Reviews. 11, 278-96.
  13. Hubbard GP, et al (2012). Clin Nutr. 31: 293-312.
  14. Hubbard GP, et al (2010). Proc Nutr Soc. 69 (OCE2) : E164.
  15. Department of Health (1991) Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report of the Panel on Dietary reference values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. Report on Health and Social Subjects London: HMSO.
  16. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2016). Vitamin D and Health. Public Health England, London.
  17. Managing Adult Malnutrition in the Community (2012). Available from www.malnutritionpathway.co.uk.

Malnutrition Post ICU references

  1. Barazzoni R et al., ESPEN expert statements and practical guidance for nutritional management of individuals with SARS-CoV-2 infection, Clinical Nutrition, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2020.03.022
  2. Singer et al (2019). ESPEN guideline on clinical nutrition in the intensive care unit. Clinical Nutrition. 2019; 38: 48-79.
  3. Puthucheary ZA, Rawal J, McPhail M, et al. Acute skeletal muscle wasting in critical illness. JAMA. 2013;310:1591-600.
  4. Demling. Nutrition, Anabolism, and the Wound Healing Process: An Overview. Journal of Plastic Surgery. 2009; 9: 65-93.
  5. National Institute for Health and Care Excellent (NICE). Nutrition support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition [Clinical Guideline 32]. 2006. NICE.
  6. Merriweather et al. Nutritional Care After Critical Illness: A Qualitative Study of Patients Experiences. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics. 2014: 1-10.
  7. Zanten et al. Nutrition therapy and critical illness: practical guidance for the ICU, post-ICU, and long-term convalescence phases. Critical Care. 2019; 23: 368
  8. Helliwell et al. Failure to Regain Weight After Critical Illness: A Short Review. ICU Management & Practice. 2007; 6 (4).
  9. Ridley et al. What Happens to Nutrition Intake in the Post–Intensive Care Unit Hospitalization Period? An Observational Cohort Study in Critically Ill Adults. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2018; 43 (1): 88-95.
  10. Hubbard et al. A systematic review of compliance to oral nutritional supplements.Clin Nutr. 2012 : 31: 293-312.
  11. Department of Health (1991) Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report of the Panel on Dietary reference values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. Report on Health and Social Subjects London: HMSO.
  12. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2016). Vitamin D and Health. Public Health England, London.
  13. Cawood et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Res Rev. 2012; 11(2):278
  14. Brown et al. Economic Impact of Implementing Malnutrition Screening and Nutritional Management in Older Adults in General Practice. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Ageing. 2020; 24: 305–11.

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