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At the heart of general practice since 1960

GPs risk being devoured by hospital trusts

Hospitals want to create a model of care that would leave GPs disenfranchised, warns Dr Michelle Drage

With fewer doctors choosing general practice as a career, and more of those who do finding it difficult to see a future in the NHS, the onus is now on GPs to rebuild our own professional self-esteem and confidence.

Some GP leaders have declared in these pages that the independent contractor model of general practice is defunct. I believe it still provides the best way forward - but only if we actively start to reclaim and reshape it.

For those of us in medicine who share the values of whole-person, patient-centred care embedded in communities, the way forward is obvious: change NHS and public cultures to value generalism at least as much as specialist care.

To do that, we would need to turn every part of NHS planning on its head, changing the commissioning mindset that values excessive specialism over sustainable generalism. It’s a hard task, but given the long-term proposals set out by NHS England last year in its Five Year Forward View, we must at least try.

Change has to begin with GPs. We must use our voices to persuade commissioners to invest in patient-centred, community-based services run and managed by those who understand how primary care, community, social and mental health services can deliver the best care.

Hospitals do not know how to do this, so it makes no sense for them to manage or operate these services. Let hospitals do what hospitals do best - provide specialised diagnostics and care - and let communities organise services around themselves. This is the horizontal integration model - the ‘in-community model’, if you will - whereby as many of patients’ needs as possible are met within their communities.

Care should be seamless, navigated and coordinated by GPs, with good communication across the boundary between communities and hospitals.

This is close to the multispecialty community provider (MCP) model described in NHS England’s plan, although with subtle differences. MCPs are described as ‘extended group practices’, ‘federations, networks or single organisations’ that would employ consultants, senior nurses and other specialists to work alongside community nurses and social workers, among others, shifting care out of hospitals.

The more worrying alternative model in NHS England’s document is integrated primary and acute care systems (PACS), or vertical integration with hospitals employing GPs. Put simply, this means the hospitals run everything and you work for them.

Hospitals would for the first time be allowed to open their own GP surgeries with registered lists and integrate directly with primary care services (for those familiar with international healthcare, this would be similar to how accountable care organisations work in the US, Spain and Singapore).

Hospitals are already making moves to start these organisations all around England. Pulse recently revealed GPs were being offered £100k positions to work with them.

But GPs have far more in common with social and mental health services. We must use CCG co-commissioning to rebuild community services around practices or networks of practices. Patients need a horizontally integrated network with their health and wellbeing at its heart.

This will mean taking control of our professional future, being prepared to challenge what does not fit our values and finding the headspace to talk with colleagues about more than just surviving the next few weeks. It means GPs using our power as CCG members to galvanise the CCG governing body to support these endeavours. Ultimately, it means not taking ‘no’ for an answer.

As members of our CCGs we have the influence to act. As guardians of general practice we have a duty to do so.

Dr Michelle Drage is chief executive of Londonwide LMCs.

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  • Dr Michelle Drage


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Readers' comments (4)

  • Guardians of general practice? Sorry not my role, that is already being done really really well by the BMA, RCGP and GPC!

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  • Vinci Ho

    My concern is always the head to head clash between MCPs and PACSs further widening the gap and difference between people in charge of primary and secondary care , as long as section 75 of HSCB continues to exist . No matter how much people are blowing the horn of integrated care , the 'environmental setting' is not going to be politically healthy(not to mention the 'never going away ' conflict of interest').

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  • 100k salaried role with an FT
    -job plan
    -set hours
    -MDU subs paid/Crown indemnity
    - Employers pension contribution
    -easy access to secondary care colleagues/ix
    -god forbid joint working with secondary care and maybe even a social life ;-)
    -Study leave?
    -Potential career progression within a bigger organisation

    The grass is not always greener but maybe a touch less yellow.....................you can see the attraction especially to our younger GP trainees , no running a small business at lunch time with ever decreasing funding and increasing number of hoops, HR, recruitment, contracts, CQC visits, buying into a partnership etc etc
    Even lucky GP partners on 150-200k per year- do the sums , do your hourly rate, look at the medical risk, financial risk etc

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  • More 'jobs for the boys' at a time when hospitals cannot mange what they have at present.

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