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Paper of the Day - Diabetes risk for women with raised BP

Women with even moderately elevated blood pressure have a significantly increased risk of developing diabetes, say US researchers.

The Women's Health Study, conducted in 38,172 women free of diabetes and cardiovascular disease at baseline, found that over a median follow-up of 10.7 years 1,672 women developed Type 2 diabetes.

Women with hypertension (?140/90 mmHg) had double the risk of developing diabetes compared with those with normal hypertension (120-129/75-84 mm Hg). Those women with moderately elevated blood pressure (130-139/85-89 mmHg) also had a 45% greater risk of developing diabetes compared with women with normal blood pressure.

The paper also showed that blood pressure progression was also associated with the risk of developing diabetes. Women who had an increase in blood pressure, but were still within the normal range of blood pressure at 48 months, had a 26% increased risk of developing diabetes compared with women who had stable or decreasing blood pressure.

European Heart Journal online 9th October 2007

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