Question and Answer
1 What is the causative organism of mumps infections?
An intermediate-sized paramyxovirus.
2 The infection can also affect dogs, cats and other mammals. True or false?
False. Humans are the only known hosts.
3 What is the average incubation period for mumps?
4 What age groups are more commonly affected?
Usually children and young adults mumps is uncommon before the age of two years.
5 Parotid gland enlargement is a common feature of mumps. Unlike other parotid gland infections this is always bilateral in mumps. True or false?
False. The swelling can be either bilateral or unilateral.
6 What are the recognised complications of mumps?
Meningitis (5 per cent), epididymo-orchitis, pancreatitis, oophoritis, myocarditis, mastitis, hepatitis, sensorineural hearing loss and polyarthritis.
7 What is the effect of mumps in early pregnancy?
Mumps in the first trimester can lead to miscarriage in 27 per cent of cases.
8 How is mumps treated?
Treatment is symptomatic, including analgesia, nutrition and mouth care.
The role of steroids in orchitis remains controversial.