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South Asian patients at increased risk of diabetic complications

Patients of South Asian ethnicity have a significantly increased prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and maculopathy, according to UK researchers.

A study of 1,035 patients from 10 general practices found the 421 patients with type 2 diabetes of South Asian ethnicity had significantly elevated risks of retinopathy and maculopathy than the 614 white European patients.

South Asian patients had a systolic blood pressure of 144mmHg compared with 137mmHg for patients of white European ethnicity. Diastolic blood pressure, HbA1c and total cholesterol levels were also higher than in white Europeans.

Diabetes Care 32:410-415,2009

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