Cookie policy notice

By continuing to use this site you agree to our cookies policy below:
Since 26 May 2011, the law now states that cookies on websites can ony be used with your specific consent. Cookies allow us to ensure that you enjoy the best browsing experience.

This site is intended for health professionals only

At the heart of general practice since 1960

Coping with an unexpectedly severe tax bill

Bob Senior offers advice to GPs given a nasty surprise by HMRC

GPs in practices with a 31 March year-end will have been advised of their January tax bill and those whose income has crept above £100,000 for the first time may be in for a bit of a shock.

The tax-free personal allowance disappears at the rate of £1 for every £2 earned over £100,000 and at £120,000, the £10,000 personal allowance has gone completely. When you calculate what tax is being paid on income between £100,000 and £120,000, it comes out at 60%. Add the 2% national insurance and that is a combined rate of 62%.

This means a GP who earned £98,000 last year and who takes on out-of-hours shifts to earn an extra £1,000 a month might receive a higher tax bill than they were expecting. They might have saved 40% of the extra for tax, a total of £4,800, but the actual bill would be £7,040. What’s more, HMRC would assume they would earn that again the following year and the two payments on account would each increase by £3,520, making the January bill £10,560 higher than usual. Here are three tips on how to cope.

1 Save regularly

In theory, saving for your tax bill should be easy; you set aside a percentage of everything you earn. However, this is easier said than done. A crisis might empty the coffers. Or you might not put a high enough percentage aside. If the money is simply not there to pay your tax bill, it is possible to ask HMRC for time to pay. However, HMRC may not allow it and will certainly charge interest on late payment. A simpler alternative may be to ask your bank for temporary finance.

2 Watch your home allowance

Many GPs will be affected by the reduction in the amount that can be claimed for use of home as an office. If, in the past, the deduction was calculated on actual costs and use, then that is still allowed. Many GPs, however, claimed a weekly flat sum and this is what has changed. HMRC is now basing the allowance on the number of hours spent per month working at home (see tinyurl.com/pva69r5 for details). If that figure is less than 25 hours a month, no claim can be made. For between 25 and 51 hours per month, the princely sum of £10 per month can now be claimed.

3 Keep track of expenses

A partner can claim a tax deduction for professional expenses incurred wholly and exclusively in relation to work, so keep track of these. For an employed doctor the situation is not as simple. HMRC adds that the expense must be ‘necessarily’ incurred in relation to the job, which means their contract must require them to incur the expense.

Bob Senior is chair of the Association of Independent Specialist Medical Accountants and head of medical services at Baker Tilly

 

 

 

Rate this article  (4 average user rating)

Click to rate

  • 1 star out of 5
  • 2 stars out of 5
  • 3 stars out of 5
  • 4 stars out of 5
  • 5 stars out of 5

0 out of 5 stars

Readers' comments (2)

  • For salaried GPs,
    ref.- Bob's last sentence, that means the BMA, GMC and indemnity insurance. HMRC has a useful guideline for this

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

  • The problem I have found is that there is no way of predicting what you have actually earned until it is too late to influence it!

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

Have your say

IMPORTANT: On Wednesday 7 December 2016, we implemented a new log in system, and if you have not updated your details you may experience difficulties logging in. Update your details here. Only GMC-registered doctors are able to comment on this site.