This site is intended for health professionals only

Gardasil 95.7% effective; HIV drugs cut risk of transmission; Walnuts cut cholesterol

By Lilian Anekwe

Our update on the latest research being presented at medical conferences.

Gardasil 95.7% effective

The quadrivalent HPV vaccine Gardasil prevents 95.7% of HPV-type-related infections, cervical pre-cancers, genital lesions and genital warts, according to results from a four-year follow-up study of 4,000 women. In women who received all three doses, Gardasil was 95.7% effective, with only one case of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or external genital lesions recorded, compared with 23 in the unvaccinated control group.

Eurogin 2010. Abstract SS3-3

HIV drugs cut risk of transmission to partner

HIV drugs dramatically reduce risk of transmission to partners, finds a study of 3,400 couples in Africa in which one partner was HIV-positive. At follow-up, 103 of the previously uninfected partners became infected, but all but one new infection had been transmitted before the HIV-positive partner began taking antiretrovirals – a 92% reduction.

17th conference on retroviruses and opportunistic infections. Paper 136

Walnuts cut cholesterol in type 2 diabetes

Daily consumption of walnuts could reduce plasma lipid levels and improve vascular function in patients with type 2 diabetes. In a randomised controlled trial of 24 patients, those who ate 56g of walnuts a day had non-significant reductions in total cholesterol of 9.7mg/dl compared with a 4.5mg/dl fall in the control group.

American College of Preventive Medicine 26th annual meeting. Poster abstract 212645


Visit Pulse Reference for details on 140 symptoms, including easily searchable symptoms and categories, offering you a free platform to check symptoms and receive potential diagnoses during consultations.