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Symptom impossible on halitosis (1 CPD hour)

Oral and maxillofacial surgeon Mr. Gary Cousin helps GPs get to the bottom of halitosis.
Learning objectives

This article will provide a primary care focused overview of how to manage patients with halitosis:

  • Taking a history and examining the oral cavity
  • Identifying possible causes, including, poor oral hygiene, necrotising ulcerative gingivitis, drug-related or salivary causes for example
  • Reassuring patients with psychogenic halitosis
  • Advising patients on good oral hygiene
  • Discussing prognosis with patients

Mr Gary Cousin is a consultant oral and maxillofacial surgeon at the East Lancashire Maxillofacial Service, Royal Blackburn Hospital

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