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Clinical casebook: heart failure (1.5 CPD hours)

Article only | Full CPD module


Dr Nigel Rowell illustrates management of cardiac failure through four case histories.

Learning objectives

This updates GPs on managing heart failure, highlighting:

  • Key physical signs to look out for and the difficulty of diagnosis
  • How to use BNP testing appropriately
  • The role of further diagnostic tests to confirm diagnosis
  • Managing heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
  • When urgent referrals are needed for patients with suspected heart failure
  • Starting and monitoring treatment with ACE inhibitors and beta blockers
  • The role of angiotension receptor blockers and "non core" drugs
  • Which patients should be considered for cardiac resynchronisation therapy